# 09. Multigroup Design

## Video: Extraneous and Confounding Variables

In this activity from The Learning Scientists’ blog, students are randomly assigned to one of three groups: recite the alphabet, count to 26, or go both by going back and forth (A-1-B-2, etc.). The dependent variable is how long it takes to complete the task. This could be done in class, but could also be

## Video: One-Way ANOVA (SPSS for Beginners)

Video (11:19) from Research by Design described as follows, “Using the same example from the Wizard of Oz involving Munchkins and wicked witches in various regions that we used learning ANOVA by hand, we are going to learn about conducting a one-way ANOVA using SPSS. We will create the dataset in SPSS, conduct a one-way

## Activity: Identifying Confounds

This activity gives students practice identifying confounds in several descriptions of research. This activity should take approximately 10 minutes. Students could work individually or in groups to identify the confound in each scenario. An answer key is provided. Please click here for the file.

## Video: How to Do Chi-Square in JASP

Video (10:27) from Research by Design in which, “We learn how to calculate a One-Way Chi-Square goodness of fit test in JASP using the setting for Multinomial Test. For the null hypothesis, we assume that the observed values in one group (the Pigs) do not differ from the values in a comparison population (the Bears)

## Video: How to Do an One-Way ANOVA in JASP

Video (14:02) from Research by Design in which, “We are off to see the wizard with an example of a one-way (factorial) ANOVA involving wicked witches and munchkins. We open a .CSV dataset in JASP, check the assumptions of homogeneity of variance and normality, conduct the test, interpret the results, and write up the findings

## Practice: One-Way ANOVA

In this activity, students will take data from a fictitious multi-group design to practice conducting a One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). First, provide students with the research scenario and the accompanying questions to have them determine the research design, statistical analysis to use, and independent and dependent variables. Next, have students set up a data

## Exemplar Study: Can Using Obscenities Make You More Persuasive? (Multigroup Design)

This multigroup experiment examined the use of an obscenity on thepersuasiveness of a pro-attitudinal message and on perceptions of thecommunicator. Participants watched one of three versions of a video inwhich the speaker advocated lowering tuition at another university. In thefirst version, the speaker used the word “damn” at the beginning of themessage. In the second

## Exemplar Study: Social Exclusion and Prosocial Behavior (Multigroup Design)

This article indicated that being excluded from social groups leads todecreases in prosocial behavior. Participants received either no feedback on apersonality measure or one of three types of false feedback that indicated afuture full of rewarding relationships, loneliness, or unfortunate accidents.Participants receiving the social exclusion feedback were unwilling tovolunteer for further lab experiments and, after

## Design & Data: I’m Feeling Hot, But Is the Earth Hot, Too? (MultiGroup Design and One-Way ANOVA)

Key Topics and Links to Files Data Analysis Guide I’m Feeling Hot, But Is the Earth Hot, Too? Analyses Included: One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with Post Hoc test and Planned Contrasts; Reliability (Cronbach’s alpha); Chi-Square (Test of Independence) Dataset Syntax Output BONUS: Can Motivational Lyrics Reduce Pre-performance Anxiety and Improve Actual Task Performance? Analyses

## Lecture Slides: How Personality Differs across the United States (ANOVA Review)

These slides (created by Dr. Jessica Hartnett) discuss a one-way ANOVA example from published research examining if different parts of the United States exhibit different personalities. In her blog post about it, she includes a link to a Time magazine article about the study, CSV and Excel versions of the dataset. Here is a blog

## Open Stats Lab: One-Way ANOVA Activities

Activities focus on the following topics: (ANOVA w/ PLANNED COMPARISONS) Does Reasoning about Personal Problems Improve with Psychological Distance? Here students get to conduct a one-way ANOVA (with planned comparisons) and create a figure. (ANOVA w/ PLANNED CONTRASTS) Can Playing Tetris Reduce the Occurrence of Intrusive Memories? Here students get to conduct a one-way ANOVA

## Lecture Slides: Something You Will Like (Multigroup Design Demonstration)

In this demonstration/activity (with PowerPoint slides) students are randomly assigned to one of three groups. Those in Group 1 are the picture only condition and simply view the pictures. Those in Group 2 eat cookies while looking at the pictures. Those in Group 3 eat candy while looking at the pictures. The Instructor would need